Roadmap for early warning and disaster risk management in Afghanistan



Afghanistan is highly prone to intense and recurring natural hazards such as flooding, earthquakes, snow avalanches, landslides, and droughts due to its geographical location and years of environmental degradation. These occur in addition to man-made disasters resulting in the frequent loss of lives, livelihoods, and property. Since 1980, disasters caused by natural hazards have affected 9 million people and caused over 20,000 fatalities in the country.

Better understanding of hazards and risks

To better understand natural hazard and disaster risk, the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) are supporting the development of a comprehensive multi-peril hazard and risk assessment in Afghanistan, as well as a first-order analysis of the costs and benefits of resilient reconstruction and risk reduction strategies. The overall objectives of the current project are:

  • To develop new information on current and future risks from the following perils: fluvial flood, flash flood, drought, landslide, snow avalanches and seismic hazards in the country.
  • To propose resilient reconstruction and risk reduction options based on the outcomes of the risk analysis and subsequent costs and benefits of those alternatives.
  • To inform a roadmap for strengthening weather, climate and hydrological (hydromet) services and a nation-wide integrated multi-hazard early warning system (EWS) in Afghanistan.
  • To mainstream data-driven DRM considerations in the Bank’s portfolio in Afghanistan.

Consortium led by Deltares

Because of the complexity of the tasks, and the diversity of the hazards that need to be addressed for this assignment, a consortium of several organizations was formed with top expertise on the individual hazards and risk assessment approaches and techniques. This consortium was led by Deltares and included the following organizations: Global Risk Forum Davos (GRF Davos), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), The Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), and Omran Geotechnical Company (OGC).

Financial support for the program is provided by the Government of Japan through the Japan-World Bank Program for Mainstreaming DRM in Developing Countries.