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Ecosystem services provision : dependence of water quality and quantity
Effectiveness of green infrastructure for services such as temperature regulation, air quality regulation and runoff mitigation partly depends on sufficient availability and/or quality of water. The aim of this assessment is to explore water dependence of ecosystem services in urban green infrastructure and to assess potential bottlenecks for a district in Utrecht. A method is proposed for analysis of water availability and water demand for ecosystem services provision by urban green infrastructure. The analysis is targeted at the ecosystem services temperature regulation (cooling), stormwater runoff mitigation, air quality regulation, noise reduction, recreation and general wellbeing and water quality regulation. Besides the current situation (2015), demand and supply have been analysed under expected future changes (2030 and 2050) as a result of climate change and land use changes.
Phase II of an ecosystem services project in the Vecht basin : developing a proposal for a regional scheme on payments for ecosystem services
This project aimed to develop a regional Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) scheme for the transboundary Vecht region. In this 2nd phase of the project, water managers and other stakeholders explored the costs and benefits of restoration of a trans-boundary part of the floodplain. In a follow up project, a negotiation simulation gives insight in the willingness to pay of the stakeholders.
Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) design characteristics
This report gives an overview of the various design characteristics of Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) schemes and discusses their advantages and drawbacks. For this review, 19 (PES) cases have been examined.