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Exploring pathways for sustainable water management in river deltas in a changing environment
Exploring adaptation pathways into an uncertain future can support decisionmaking in achieving sustainable water management in a changing environment. Our objective is to develop and test a method to identify such pathways by including dynamics from natural variability and the interaction between the water system and society. Present planning studies on long-term water management often use a few plausible futures for one or two projection years, ignoring the dynamic aspect of adaptation through the interaction between the water system and society. Our approach is to explore pathways using multiple realisations of transient scenarios with an Integrated Assessment Meta Model (IAMM). This paper presents the first application of the method using a hypothetical case study. The case study shows how to explore and evaluate adaptation pathways. With the pathways it is possible to identify opportunities, threats, timing and sequence of policy options, which can be used by policymakers to develop water management roadmaps into the future. By including the dynamics between the water system and society, the influence of uncertainties in both systems becomes clearer. The results show, among others, that climate variability rather than climate change appears to be important for taking decisions in water management.
Models and analysis for flood control systems
Overall goal of the project is to define a framework for Smart Levees, including the development of new models for levee safety monitoring and underlying IT infrastructure. This report contains the findings of the research on: model development, based on IJkdijk experiments and LiveDijk Eemshaven ; real time levee monitoring with improvement of robustness ; remote sensing levee monitoring techniques.
R&D annual report Deltares 2012
One of the Deltares aims is to make Research and Development results more accessible to the public and the private sector. The R&D Highlights report is one step towards that goal. The chapters of the Highlights report follow the structure of the five social issues that are central to the Deltares mission.
Phase II of an ecosystem services project in the Vecht basin : developing a proposal for a regional scheme on payments for ecosystem services
This project aimed to develop a regional Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) scheme for the transboundary Vecht region. In this 2nd phase of the project, water managers and other stakeholders explored the costs and benefits of restoration of a trans-boundary part of the floodplain. In a follow up project, a negotiation simulation gives insight in the willingness to pay of the stakeholders.
Designing green and blue infrastructure to support healthy urban living
There is a growing awareness in cities throughout the world that green and blue infrastructure can offer a wide range of ecosystem services to support a healthy urban environment. However, the potential benefits of green and blue infrastructure are probably only partially utilized because of a lack of both scientific knowledge and practical understanding of what these benefits are, and how green and blue infrastructure can best be implemented. Hence there is a need for a translation of scientific knowledge on the functionality of green and blue infrastructure into design principles and how to integrate these principles into the design of multifunctional green and blue infrastructure. This report focuses on developing concepts and design principles for blue and green infrastructure that not only support climate resilience but also contribute to a healthy and liveable urban environment. A healthy and liveable urban environment contributes to the strengthening of the socio-economic climate in cities. The objective is to assess and show how the functional use of urban blue and green infrastructure contributes to a liveable and healthy city. The premise is that liveability can be improved with a variety of ecosystems services.
Signal test for acoustic fibre optics for leakage detection of water bottoms
The goal of this project is to analyse the results of the two large laboratory tests in order to assess whether distributed fibre optic sensing can detect the presence or absence of a clay layer in a water bottom. It is about a ‘signal test’ which must show that variations in lithology of the water bottom have an effect in the measured signal. The experiments for which the distributed fibre optic measurements have been performed consisted of experiments at a scale of 18 m x 5.5 m surface area and 2.5 m depth and for which fibre optics cable for acoustic and temperature measurements has been placed in a send bed of 80 cm thickness and covered with a clay layer of 10 cm. Three situations have been analysed.
ACER : developing Adaptive Capacity to Extreme events in the Rhine basin
The overall aim of ACER is to investigate the impact of climate change and to explore adaptation strategies for the Rhine basin under climate change, for both basin wide as well as regional water managers. The ACER project follows a so-called scenario analysis whereby solution trajectories are analyzed and compared, under the assumption of various long-term climate change and socio-economic scenarios. Adaptation can significantly reduce impacts of climate change and is seen as an important part of societal response to global climate change. Planned adaptation implies decisions and measures within society that help to anticipate to climate related risks.
Making cradle-to-cradle work : first steps for Dutch infrastructure challenges
In this paper we show how the C2C concept (cradle to cradle) can help Rijkswaterstaat to achieve it's sustainable ambitions with regard to infrastructure projects. We describe the process and the practical applications the C2C concept has for the redesign of a lock and construction of a motorway.
Architecture and prototype dike monitoring system
This document defines the solution architecture of a Flood Control System.
Cities on the grow : pathways to supporting the sustainable growth of urban food enterprises in London, Reading and Almere
Cities on the Grow is a cross-disciplinary project that has been funded by Climate-KIC, an initiative of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. It seeks to support the sustainable growth of urban food enterprises toward the implementation of more commercially viable business practices. It also seeks to secure the social and climate benefits of these enterprises while enhancing their role in city-regional food economies. This pilot study was aimed at investigating the local food systems of London (UK), Reading (UK) and Almere (NL) with the intention of establishing how urban food enterprises operating in these locations can be supported to realise their goals of localised, commercially viable, socio-ecologically just food systems.