Sustainability ambitions of the Municipality of Almere
The international horticultural exhibition expo 2022 Floriade will take place at the Weerwater recreational lake at Almere in 2022. The Municipality of Almere wants not only to showcase the latest techniques in horticulture at the event but also to demonstrate how the municipality is contributing to the energy transition by using natural resources from the environment for heating purposes. Initially for the event and later for the 600 homes that will be built on the site.
Thermal potential of the Weerwater
The study shows that the Weerwater is large enough to supply more than five times the expected heat requirement (25,000 GJ annually). The temperature difference in the water due to heat extraction is largest in autumn by comparison with the average water temperature because there is less warm air and solar radiation to compensate for the release of cold water. Furthermore, the releases cause almost no flows in the water.
Effect on water temperature and flow
To determine how much energy the Weerwater can supply, all the relevant heat flows in and from the water to the soil and atmosphere were modelled. In addition, local meteorological records from the Lelystad weather station were used to obtain data about wind, sunlight, air temperature, air humidity and cloud cover.
Minimal spatial impact
The spatial impact for the wells was limited to an access hatch for the well pumps and filter pipes. More space – approximately 100 m² – was required for the surface water thermal energy system. But because this system has to be installed in a cellar to ensure that the pumps work properly, the spatial impact is only minor.