The development of the model was sponsored by the Antifouling Working Group of the European Council of the Paint, Printing Ink and Artists’ Colours Industry (CEPE / CEFIC), with contributions of the European Commission – DG XI (1997-1999), Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Deltares (formerly Delft Hydraulics).

For the development of the ballast water version support was received from the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the Ballast Water Working Group of the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP-BWWG.

The first version of MAMPEC (v1.0), developed by Deltares (formerly Delft Hydraulics) and IVM Vrije Universiteit, was released in 1999, and sponsored by the Antifouling Working Group (AFWG) of the European Paint Makers Association (CEPE) as part of the project “Utilisation of more environmental friendly antifouling products”, sponsored by the European Commission (DG XI; Contract # 96/559/3040/ DEB/E2).

Between 2002 and 2008 further updates of the model (versions 1.4–2.5) were prepared for CEPE-AFWG for reasons of compatibility with upgrades of the Windows XP/VISTA/7 OS, inclusion of standard EU and OECD emission scenarios new functionalities ((advanced photolysis module, non-tidal hydrodynamic exchange, sediment processes, import/export functions), and languages (Japanese). The model is recognized and used by regulatory authorities in EU, USA and other OECD countries.

In version 3.0 (2011) the user interface and software has been upgraded to meet current standards ( .net framework) and several new functionalities (extended emission scenarios, multiple run options, analysis of chemical fate processes, new export options) and languages (Chinese) have been added.


  • User Manual MAMPEC v3.0 (FTP-site)
  • MAMPEC 3.0 HANDBOOK – Technical Documentation
  • Background and model formulations MAMPEC v1.4: Van Hattum B, Baart AC, Boon, JG (2002) Computer model to generate predicted environmental concentrations (PECs) for antifouling products in the marine environment – 2nd edn. accompanying the release of MAMPEC version 1.4, IVM Report (E-02/04), Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
  • OECD-EU environmental emission scenarios for BPD: Van der Plassche E, Van der Aa E (2004) Harmonisation of environmental emission scenarios: an emission scenario document for antifouling products in OECD countries (ESD-PT21), Royal Haskoning, Nijmegen.
  • Emission scenarios and hydrodynamic background: Van Hattum, B., A. Baart, and J. Boon (2006). Emission estimation and chemical fate modeling of antifoulants. In: Konstantinou, I.K. (Ed.). Antifouling Paint Biocides. Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Vol. 5/O, Springer Verlag, Berlin (Germany), pp. 101-120.
  • Photolysis, exchange at low tidal conditions, new harbor scenario in MAMPEC v2.0: Boon, J, A. Markus, A. Baart (2007). Antifouling model to predict environmental concentrations (MAMPEC) – Technical background additional features of MAMPEC version. Delft Hydraulics / WL, Delft, Netherlands.
  • Application to regions with low tidal exchange: Baart AC (2003) MAMPEC, application at low exchange conditions. Report Z3662, WL| Delft Hydraulics, Delft.
  • Application of MAMPEC with TBT: Van Hattum, B. (2001). TBT – a compound currently in the lime light. In : J. Gandrass and W. Salomons; (Eds.). Dredged Material in the Port of Rotterdam – Interface between Rhine Catchment Area and North Sea. GKSS Research Centre (Germany), p. 277-288.

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